# Math Lesson Plans

### Math Lesson Plans, Math Resources, Addition Lesson Plans, Subtraction Lesson Plans

Multiplication/Division
Fractions/Decimals/Ratios
Money/Time/Misc.
Number Sense
Patterns/Problem Solving/Probability
Measurement
Predicting/Estimating/Rounding/Sorting/Interpreting
Factoring

Using M&M cookies to work math problems (4-6)
This is a fun math activity using M&M cookies that are prepared ahead by the teacher or that the students plan for and make the day before. Students munch their way through the cookie keeping a tally of how many M&M's are found in each color. Then a teacher designed math worksheet is completed that reviews any math concepts desired.

Addition and Subtraction game (2-8) A group activity that provides review and drill in the format of a game for learning facts in subtraction and addition. Appeals to multilevel and multi-grade situations. The Students get so caught up in the game they consider it an exciting challenge rather than a drill or review.

"Number Tick-Tack-Toe", practice addition facts (1-3)
Students extended practice in basic addition and subtraction facts while playing a fun game.

This gives kids an alternative way of adding if they have trouble with 'carrying'. It is also faster and more accurate for MOST kids.

Students will improve their counting skills by playing a simple game that requires them to be able to count to six or higher for more advanced students.

Numeral Recognition
The following activity is designed to reinforce what many already know and to teach or reteach numeral recognition, one to one matching and the writing of numerals from 1-20.

Subtraction Rhyme
Rhyme for doing subtraction with regrouping from 10's to 1's

Learning multiplication tables (2-6)
To help all students systematically learn their times tables, teach the facts in this way:

Multiplication; hands-on arrays, skip counting (2-3)
As students begin memorizing the multiplication math facts, they need many different ways of visualizing and practicing the multiplication concepts. They might begin practicing with arrays, skip counting, and moving manipulatives for the 0,1,2,3, and 4 times tables before they begin this lesson.

Using M&M cookies to work math problems (4-6)

"Math Shortcuts"; multiplication & division (4-6)
The following math shortcuts will help students master some of the more difficult concepts by presenting a simpler method or helpful way of understanding the processes. The methods have been used successfully in the fourth grade math curriculum. Students have shown a substantial gain in understanding and retaining the learning.

"Multiplication Bingo", (3-5)
After students have mastered multiplication facts, this game can be introduced as a way to reinforce learning.

Mental Mathematics
The purpose of this lesson is to teach students how to work mentally with numbers, as to nurture number sense, and create a foundation and enthusiasm for mathematics.

Fractions/Decimals/Ratios

Ratio; using peanut butter & jelly sandwich (4-6)
The purpose of this activity is to provide students with a concrete introduction to the concept of ratios.

Fraction Hunt activity sheet (3-5)
This lesson is designed to give the students practice in the use of fractions, changing fractions, using equivalent fractions, and paying attention to detail. This lesson works well at fourth grade level, but I find it can have good use with advanced third graders.

Equivalent Fractions, easily identified using physical objects (3-5)
Most students will benefit from the use of physical objects when they are introduced to the concept of equivalent fractions. This activity was designed to show the students that the notion of several names for a number is similar to the notion of several names for a person. One of them is the "given name". In the same way that we refer to "Rebecca Smith, alias Becky Smith", we can refer to "1/2, alias 3/6".

Equivalent Fraction Munch with Pizza PieGrade: 4,5
Describe the importance of fractions in everyday life. Define equivalent fractions and give examples. Recognize fractions that are equivalent. Manipulate materials to show several examples of equivalent fractions.

Fractions in everyday life Grade: 5-7
Many students can test well on multiplying and dividing fractions, but when it comes to real life situations do not understand how to use their knowledge.

Use models and pictures to compare fractions including equivalent fractions and mixed numbers; explain the comparison.

Patterns/Problem Solving/Probability

In mathematics education today, there is a growing awareness that the following is true: children need experience with problem-solving, math instruction can be inquiry-based, and the use of calculators should be introduced and applied at every level. This lesson was designed along these lines, and can be further adapted by individual teachers to suit their own needs and purposes.

Problem solving using the sports page (4)
Problem solving is a daily, lifetime skill. A goal of problem solving is to help students develop strategies in order to become independent problem solvers. To encourage my students to understand problem solving techniques and strategies, he designed an activity using box scores from the sports page.

Probability with hands-on/cooperative learning activity (1-5)
Charts and graphs are not only valuable instruments for communicating data quickly and simply, they can be tools for stimulating discussion, and aids in promoting mathematical thinking. Graphing activities for elementary students should include more than fixed displays of information. A hands-on, relevant lesson can be a successful way of teaching concepts which students are more likely to retain. M&M Graphing And Probability can be as simple as making a pictograph (1st and 2nd grades), or as involved as predicting and determining probability (3rd-5th grades).

Problem Solving and Computation activity using pattern blocks
This problem solving game uses pattern blocks to reinforce computational skills in a challenging format rather than the drudgery of drill.

The Four Steps for Problem Solving Grade: 3-4
The four steps method of problem solving provides a guide for students to follow in looking back. At each step students should lay down their pencils and ask a question or questions about what he/she has done. The students are constantly reflecting on the problem itself and assessing their work as they process it rather than looking back only after they have completed the problem.

Strange Elevators: Creating and Extending Patterns

Predicting/Estimating/Rounding/Sorting/Interpreting

Interpret data and making a graph (3-6)
Through this lesson the students will receive a review on graphs. This lesson also involves problem solving and will require the student to use his/her processing skills. The lesson will also demonstrate to the student how useful graphs are, and that graphs can summarize.

Observation, sorting, predicting, using valentine candy (1-4)
This activity provides a fun and exciting method through which children can explore and internalize graphing skills. Specifically, the students will discover what color Valentine Candy is found more often than any other in a standard bag of "Valentine Conversation Hearts." The lesson takes approximately sixty minutes and is most effectively used in connection with Valentine's Day.

Use of manipulatives to Pre-Algebra (3-8)

Making estimations (2)
This particular activity was designed to provide students with an opportunity to utilize their knowledge of measurement in making accurate measurements and estimations.

Estimating With Money (1-5)

Collecting Data and Graphing
To collect, organize, and arrange information in a pictograph To create a survey and administer it to the class

Usage and Interpretation of Graphs
Through this lesson the students will receive a review on graphs.

Number Sense/Facts/Numerlas/Place Value

One to one matching and writing numerals (K-1)
The following activity is designed to reinforce what many already know and to teach or reteach numeral recognition, one to one matching and the writing of numerals from 1-20.

Place Value using a dice game (4)
The purpose of this lesson is to build the students knowledge of place value utilizing a more hands on "thinking approach."

Math review on concept and facts (4-6)
To review material covered in a fun way. The students pay close attention because they're never sure when their answer will be called.

Exploring Base 4 (4)

Mystery number motivates place value (2-6)
This activity's blend of skill and chance becomes a highly motivating vehicle to enhance students' understanding of the concept of place value. Time required can be as little as five minutes thereby providing instruction during those lost minutes throughout the day.

Positive and Negative numbers activity (4- 12)
The concept of positive and negative numbers is difficult for students of all ages. These activities can help to reinforce the idea that we work with positive and negative numbers all of the time and that the concept is not difficult.

This lesson is started with a brain teaser about averages. The lesson uses information about averages and has the students use their own examples.

Counting Fun with Gummi Bears Grade: Kindergarten
The main purpose of the lesson is to help children understand the concept of numbers using familiar manipulatives.

Place Value for Whole Numbers
The students will explore the world of mathematics by demonstrating visually what place value of whole numbers represents.

Reinforcement Lesson in Place Value
This is a lesson in place value that never fails to build excitement and generates groans of disapproval when it is time to quit. The level of difficulty can be varied based on the grade level and time of year.

Money/Time/Misc.

Making Change; Buying at community store (K-2)
Students are often taught money skills through the use of worksheets. They're seldom given a chance to apply the skill in a realistic manner and often become bored with the drill of worksheets. This lesson provides them with practice opportunities prior to going into the community to shop.

Cooking; practical application of math (4-6)
LEARNING TO MAKE COOKIES IS A FUN ACTIVITY THAT ALLOWS A TEACHER TO USE INDUCTIVE TEACHING AS WELL AS READING, MATH, AND WRITING. THIS ACTIVITY ALSO WILL HELP ENHANCE THE STUDENTS' SELF CONCEPT, AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING BASIC READING, MATH, AND WRITING SKILLS.

Thinking Skill activity using '21 Game' (2-6)
THIS GAME TEACHES THE MATH CONCEPTS OF: SETS, DIVISION OF THREES, ADDITION AND THINKING SKILLS. ALSO USE TO BUILD SELF-ESTEEM AND MAKE LEARNING FUN.

Listening Practice/Team Review activity (4- 8)
I use this activity to build listening skills, encourage teamwork, and to review important math concepts.

"Estimating With Money", (1-5)

Let Us Go Shopping

Measurement

Tree Measurement: Understanding vertical and horizontal measurement of large objects (4-6) This activity is used to help understand vertical and horizontal measurement of large objects.

Students will be able to describe the difference between area and volume and also be able to understand how various units of measure relate to one another.

Cool To Rule
A Game Of Prediction and Measurement Grade: 5-6 This activity provides an excellent opportunity for students to review measurement and estimation skills while having fun at the same time. In small groups, students are given a measurement and asked to predict what object in the classroom is equal to that specific measurement.
Map reading is more than just looking at maps and finding where you are on the map. Sometimes you have to estimate a certain distance on a map in order to know how long it will take to get from point A to point B. Estimating distances has been with us for a long time. Students should know some methods in estimating distances and use math as a real use.

This activity is a culminating activity that provides an application to measurement and to flying objects.

Intregrating Math into Spring Thematic Unit Grade: 2-4
Students will actively explore mathematical concepts through problem solving while in cooperative learning groups. Analysis, data collection, and investigative questions are all part of the scientific process of this lesson. Paired workers will complete "Jelly Belly Activity Packet."

Through the lesson, the children should understand the attribute of length, develop a process of measuring, understand concepts related to units of measure, use estimating to measure, and learn how to use these processes in every day life. This lesson also allows the educator to integrate literature into the mathematics curriculum.

Making Estimations in Measurement Grade: 1-2
This particular activity was designed to provide students with an opportunity to utilize their knowledge of measurement in making accurate measurements and estimations.

Measuring Up with Apples Grade: 2
The students will be able to use a non-standard measuring tool to estimate and measure certain objects.

Students will learn to measure objects with and without a ruler.

To practice standard and metric measurement via the newspaper

Using the metric system can be very confusing and difficult for many students. This activity enables the students to practice working with the metric system.

Metric Equivalents
Students will use a shortcut method to change one metric unit to another (Ex: kilometers to centimeters), by using a diagram which uses words students can relate and remember.

Metrics
This unit is designed to help 7th and/or 8th grade students develop an understanding of the metric system.

Factoring

Factoring Large Numbers
Know the basic rules for divisibility ie... 2's are even, 3's add the digits etc.

The Facts...Just the Facts
To help all students systematically learn their times tables, teach the facts in this way: